Thursday, 20 November 2014

A wee role in the SNP's remarkable turnaround

Last Thursday (November 13), I switched-on the BBC’s Politics Channel and watched the last First Minister’s Questions taken by Alex Salmond.

As usual, he wiped the floor with opponents: in addition, he set-out the SNP’s actions in government and explained why only independence delivers the full powers needed to meet the aspirations of the people of Scotland.  Alex Salmond showed why he is, by far, the best leader our country has ever had.

A day later the Scottish National Party annual conference began in Perth, with delegates ‘officially’ accepting Alex Salmond’s resignation as National Convener, after his second ten-year spell in the job.  The conference also elected Nicola Sturgeon to succeed Salmond.  Next Wednesday (November 19), the Scottish Parliament will elect a new First Minister and will make history when Nicola Sturgeon becomes the first woman to hold the nation’s top political job.

Nicola will assume leadership of a buoyant political party, with membership having soared to a remarkable 82,000 since September’s Independence Referendum.  She will also lead an SNP Government that is even more popular now than when it first took office in 2007.  There are few, if any, comparable situations anywhere else in the world, where support for a political party has not only grown but has taken-off like a rocket after 7 years of being in government.

What is even more remarkable is that just 10 years ago the SNP was on a downward spiral that, had it not been stopped, could have proved fatal.

In April 2004 the National Executive Committee of the SNP suspended my membership of the party.  Three-months later the same committee expelled me.  At the time, I was a Member of the Scottish Parliament and so became the first parliamentarian to be expelled by the SNP in the party’s history (the first from any party in the Scottish Parliament).

My crime, according to the charge against me, had been “actions inimical to the party”, which translates as acting against the interests of the party or even of damaging the party.  Needless to say, I disagreed with the charge and the ‘guilty’ verdicts that led to my suspension and expulsion.

Volumes could be filled explaining why the specific charges laid against me by the then National Secretary Alasdair Allan (now an MSP) were unfounded – and why the party broke its own constitution and rules in taking disciplinary action against me – but, 10 years on, no constructive purpose would be served in restaging those particular arguments.  What is not disputed, nor was it ever, is that I acted to end John Swinney’s leadership of the SNP. 

Today, Mr Swinney has found his perfect niche and, by all accounts, is an effective Cabinet Secretary for Finance in the Scottish Government.  However, from 2000 to 2004, John Swinney’s ‘leadership’ of the SNP almost killed the party.

Swinney was never a leader: his skill-set did not include the ability to inspire and encourage, nor was his political antennae tuned to the needs and aspirations of ordinary Scots.  Under the Swinney leadership, the SNP drifted to the centre-ground of the political spectrum, away from its long-term position as a moderate centre-left party.  This movement – a New Labourisation of the SNP – saw the party lose support from a large swathe of the electorate that had been drawn to the SNP as a centre-left alternative to the Tory-clone New Labour Party created by Tony Blair.  There was also a feeling that independence had become more a long-term aspiration than the core principle of the party.

Ten-years ago I argued that the ‘actions inimical to the party’ were not mine, but were those of John Swinney and a small leadership clique.  The hard facts show that under the Swinney leadership the SNP lost hundreds-of-thousands of votes, one Westminster seat, eight Scottish Parliament seats, twenty council seats and thousands of members.  I acted, with others, to bring to an end the party’s declining fortunes by removing a leader who couldn’t see that he, and the political direction he had taken, were the problem.

In an interview for STV (on the Politics Now programme) I became the first MSP to publicly call on John Swinney to resign as leader.  However, far from being simply a demand that ‘Swinney must go,’ I also set-out my belief that Alex Salmond had to return to lead the party.  Salmond had, of course, stood down from the leadership in 2000.

In the STV interview I made clear my position, saying of a Salmond return, “I think it would be good for the SNP if he came back and I think he could unite the party,” adding, “I think it would be in the greater interests of the Scottish National Party and the independence movement if we could have a new leader who could re-invigorate the party and the independence movement and take this country on to independence.”

I believed it was imperative that John Swinney’s leadership was ended at the earliest opportunity to stem the damage to the party, and to give a returning Alex Salmond sufficient time to turn-around the SNP’s fortunes.  I should also stress that Alex Salmond at no time supported my call for Swinney to resign.

The reason for my urgency was the impending European Elections (June 10 2004).  I believed that John Swinney would attempt to remain as leader, even if the party again performed badly under his leadership, which is exactly what happened.  The SNP polled just 19.7%, the party’s worst performance in 20 years.  Swinney did try to cling onto the leadership, but by then the momentum for him to go was too strong.  He finally resigned on July 22, just 12 days after he had chaired the meeting of the National Executive Committee that expelled me from the party.

Had John Swinney been able to remain as leader of the SNP following the European Election, it was my contention that he would then have led the party into the 2005 Westminster Election, where, in all likelihood given the downward spiral of party fortunes, more seats would have been lost – with the possibility of only Alex Salmond holding his constituency.  If that had happened there would have been serious barriers to Salmond being able to return to the Scottish Parliament in 2007, an intention he had already stated.

Another electoral reverse in 2005 would have been the end for Swinney, but would have meant a new leader had one year less to turn-around the party’s fortunes before the 2007 Scottish Parliament Election (compared with him actually going after the 2004 European Election).

That the SNP has been in government for 7 years; has guided Scotland to a referendum on independence, supported by 45% of the people; has seen party membership and support for independence soar since the referendum; and stands on the brink of a massive success at the 2015 UK General Election, all stems from Alex Salmond’s return to leadership on September 3 2004 and to the SNP re-establishing itself as a centre-left, social democratic party.  Salmond is the most able politician of his generation: he was the only person who could have united the SNP back in 2004 and he has gone on to build a successful government team, including John Swinney in a role more suited to his abilities.

Clearly, Nicola Sturgeon has a very hard act to follow as SNP leader and First Minister of Scotland, but she is more than capable of succeeding in those roles.  I’ve known Nicola for a long time: she was always a very able politician, but in the last few years she has grown way beyond that status. 

In Nicola Sturgeon Scotland will have a leader to match and possibly even surpass Alex Salmond, and he’s the best we’ve had.

Friday, 7 November 2014

Murphy leadership will be great...for the SNP

I saw Labour leadership favourite Jim Murphy being interviewed on television last week.  He came across well.

It seemed Murphy is a politician who actually cares about people and society.  With a slow, thoughtful delivery, it would have been easy for viewers to think the MP for Eastwood understands the hardship being endured by so many Scots and wants to implement policies to lift the suffering.

Who can forget Jim Murphy’s genuine shock as he faced a television camera shortly after being an eyewitness to the terrible tragedy at the Clutha bar in Glasgow when a police helicopter crashed onto the roof of the packed pub?  This, surely, is a caring man.

All of which points to Murphy being the answer to Labour’s prayers in Scotland: a man who can connect with voters and is in tune with the hopes and aspirations of the people.  Of course, after the abrasive and inept Johann Lamont, almost anyone would be an improvement.

There is only one problem with the image being portrayed by Jim Murphy as he seeks the leadership of the Scottish sub-section of the British Labour Party – it does not reflect the real man and his beliefs.

Murphy’s leadership campaign tells us he is the son of a working class Glasgow family, so poor the infant Jim had to sleep in a drawer.  That, apparently, is true: but so is the fact that the Murphy family emigrated to apartheid South Africa, where the young Jim attended a whites-only school.  The future politician returned to Scotland when he was 18 to avoid doing compulsory national service in the South African army.

Back in Scotland the young Jim attended university and got heavily involved in student politics, eventually being elected President of the Scottish National Union of Students, which led to him taking on the same role UK-wide.  During Murphy’s tenure in office, the National Union of Students (NUS) dropped its opposition to the abolition of student grants: this was in line with Labour Party policy but against the agreed position of delegates at the NUS conference.  At the time, then Labour MP Ken Livingstone tabled a parliamentary motion criticising the NUS decision and describing Jim Murphy as “intolerant and dictatorial”.

So involved in Labour and student politics had Murphy become, he did not complete his degree and dropped-out of university.  Immediately, he was offered the position of Special Projects Officer with the Labour Party in Scotland.

Jim Murphy wants us to believe he is a working class man who understands the suffering of ordinary Scots, those unemployed and in-work who are being hit hardest by austerity measures imposed by the right-wing Tory-Lib Dem Government at Westminster.  In reality, Murphy is cut from the same right-wing cloth as the Tories and has never had a real job in his life.

Selected to fight the then Tory-held seat of Eastwood, Jim Murphy was elected as part of the Tony Blair-inspired New Labour landslide of 1997, and quickly settled into life at Westminster as a loyal Blairite.

As Labour abandoned any pretence of being a socialist or even just centre-left party, Murphy was comfortable with the way New Labour embraced market capitalism and distanced itself from the founding principle of the labour movement, which had been to give a parliamentary voice to the working class.  As a Blairite, Jim Murphy was a committed part of the New Labour project, summed-up at the time by Blair confidante Peter Mandelson as Labour now being “extremely relaxed about people becoming filthy rich”.

As a loyal New Labour MP, Murphy supported welfare reform that began the process of hammering the poor – including the introduction of the Bedroom Tax to the private rented sector – and which have formed the bedrock of current Tory-Lib Dem austerity policies.

Jim Murphy also supported British involvement in the 2003 illegal invasion of Iraq.  Remember the shocked man who stared into a television camera after seeing for himself the horrific and deadly impact of a helicopter crashing into the Clutha bar?  This is the same man who readily supported the unleashing of ‘shock and awe’ against the civilian population of Baghdad, and who, as Shadow Defence Secretary, had Labour been in power would have been in charge of Britain’s nuclear arsenal, a first-strike system of mass destruction capable of wiping-out the human race several times over.    

As a right-wing Labour MP, Murphy is a staunch supporter of Israel, which continues to blockade the civilian population of Gaza and has launched ferocious military attacks against densely-populated residential areas of Palestine.  In 2012 the Jewish Chronicle newspaper reported, “Mr Murphy, a former chair of Labour Friends of Israel...has long nailed his colours to the mast,” quoting Murphy as saying that any recognition of Palestinian suffering by some Labour politicians “doesn't mean that Labour is anything other than a staunch supporter of the state of Israel”.

As he attempts to become leader of Labour’s Scottish sub-section, Jim Murphy’s campaign recognises it must distance itself from his long-standing position as a right-wing Blairite within the party.  Scotland has long rejected the Tories and part of the current Labour collapse stems from the party’s re-branding as a Tory clone in England.  Scots recently saw Labour politicians and activists campaigning shoulder-to-shoulder with the Tories in opposition to Scotland re-establishing itself as a normal independent nation.  Very prominent in the Tory-backed and funded Better Together campaign was Jim Murphy.

Last month (October 2014), the Tory-supporting Daily Telegraph reported, “The label attached most often to Jim Murphy is ‘Blairite’ [and] the frontrunner to become the new leader of Scottish Labour was one of the former PM’s most loyal defenders”.  The Telegraph article noted that in an interview with the paper, Murphy railed against the “I don’t need to get out of bed, and the world owes me a living” attitude apparently expressed by some of the country’s unemployed.  According to the newspaper, “It is this kind of robust analysis that makes many on the Labour right wonder if Murphy is their last best hope.”

So, the frontrunner to be the next leader of the Scottish sub-section of the British Labour Party is a man educated in a whites-only school under an apartheid regime, who dodged South African national service by returning to Scotland; a man who neglected his state-funded studies to such an extent he dropped-out of university, then, as President of the National Union of Students, ignored the view of students and backed scrapping the system of grants that funded higher education studies (a move that has brought about the current situation where students have to fund their studies by taking-out loans and where English universities now charge annual tuition fees of up to £9,000). 

With Murphy at the helm, Labour in Scotland would be led by a man who has never had a real job; who, rightly, is shocked by the horrific scenes resulting from a helicopter crash in Glasgow but who voted to bomb thousands of Iraqi men, women and children – and who could have been in charge of the UK’s nuclear weapons of mass destruction; a man who has unflinchingly supported the state of Israel, a country that occupies Palestinian land and regularly launches searing missile attacks against civilians in Gaza.

With Jim Murphy as leader, the ‘Scottish’ Labour Party, which has lost thousands of voters and members because it is now seen as a right-wing clone of the Tories, would be fronted by the man seen as the “last best hope” of those Blairites who are responsible for moving the party to the right and embracing Tory policies.

The SNP, already seeing membership soar beyond 80,000 since the Independence Referendum, must be praying for a Labour Party in Scotland led by Jim Murphy.

Monday, 20 October 2014

Labour just can't stop lying

 Fresh from their ‘success’ in lying to the people of Scotland in order the ‘save’ the British Union and keep the Tories in power at Westminster, the Labour Party is now deploying its lying strategy in the campaign for the North Ayrshire Council by-election in the North Coast Ward (Largs, Fairlie, Skelmorlie and Cumbrae).

The leaflet for Labour candidate Valerie Reid contains a section with the headline, “What has Labour ever done for the North Coast?”, under which are three sub-headings, apparently revealing what Labour has done for the North Coast – “Protected our Marine Station...Affordable Housing...Magnus the Viking”.

So, if we were to believe the Labour Party, it would seem its members have been busy boys and girls, particularly Largs-based Labour councillor Alex Gallagher. 

In relation to how Labour “Protected our Marine Station”, the by-election leaflet states, “When the SNP looked like giving up the campaign, Katy Clark MP brought experts to the table for the council report...and it was Alex Gallagher who raised the need for action at the Council.  This saved much needed jobs.”

Labour saved the Cumbrae Marine Station, then?  Well, actually, no they didn’t.

In fact, the University Marine Biological Station Millport, run by the University of London, closed on October 31st 2013.  The reason the facility closed is because the Tory-Lib Dem UK Government –Labour’s partners in ‘saving’ the British Union – completely withdrew the £400,000 funding previously provided to the University of London to fund operations in Millport.

After intense efforts by the SNP Scottish Government, SNP-controlled North Ayrshire Council and other public agencies, an agreement was made in January 2014 to transfer ownership of the Marine Station to the Field Studies Council.  Now called the Millport Field Centre, in May 2014 a package of £4m was announced to allow a comprehensive programme of development and refurbishment at the facility.  Again, major contributors to this essential funding were the SNP Scottish Government and SNP-controlled North Ayrshire Council.

Next on Labour’s list of what the party has done for the North Coast is “Affordable Housing”.  The election leaflet reads, “Labour Cllr Alex Gallagher initiated the Council policy to buy-back ex-council houses, resulting in dozens of new houses added to the council housing stock for affordable rent in the North Coast.”

So, maybe that claim is true.  Not quite.

Labour did have a hand in initiating a buy-back programme for ex-council homes sold under the Tories’ ‘Right to Buy’ scheme.  However, the initiative was begun by the Labour-Lib Dem Scottish Executive (Government) in 2006.  Alex Gallagher was not elected as a Labour councillor in North Ayrshire until May 2007: on the same day, in fact, that the people of Scotland kicked-out Labour from government and elected the SNP.

The SNP Scottish Government retained the programme allowing councils to buy-back ex-council homes, and continued it when the party was re-elected by a landslide in 2011.

In August 2012, (now reported:

With demand for housing in the local area continuing to rise, North Ayrshire Council’s SNP administration is to invest £1million to buy back some of the housing stock sold by the previous Labour-run authority.

Explaining the initiative, Cllr Anthea Dickson, SNP Cabinet spokesperson for Health and Social Care, said, “Several areas in North Ayrshire have a high demand for affordable housing but a shortfall in the number of suitable houses available.  We are committed to providing affordable homes for our residents and are building 500 new Council houses over the next decade, but while this is a significant investment, we are aware it will not meet the overall demand.”

Cllr Dickson said that by agreeing to purchase former local authority housing, the Council administration was “showing a willingness to explore every possible avenue to tackle this ongoing issue.”

So, the right of councils to buy-back ex housing stock is maintained by the SNP Scottish Government, and the decision of North Ayrshire Council to actually fund such a buy-back was taken by the SNP Cabinet that runs the local authority.

That, of course, leaves just one chance for Labour to tell the truth in its claims about what it has done for the North Coast.  The third claim, under the heading “Magnus the Viking”, says, “Councillor Gallagher was instrumental in rescuing the giant Viking statue from a yard in Kilmarnock and having it placed on the prom where it has become an icon of the town.  Alex also chairs the successful annual Largs Viking Festival.”

There doesn’t seem to be any doubt with that one, then.  The Magnus the Viking statue was apparently abandoned, maybe even rotting in a yard in Kilmarnock and had to be rescued, with the instrumental contribution of Labour councillor Alex Gallagher.

Wait, though, let’s just check what the people behind the Largs Viking Festival were saying in August 2013:

Largs is to have a magnificent giant Viking sculpture as a commemoration of the 750th anniversary of the 1263 battle of Largs.  North Ayrshire Council is presenting the statue to the town as a culmination to the 750th anniversary year of celebration and as a legacy for this special year.

The giant statue is some 16 feet (5 metres) tall and has been constructed of galvanised steel by David Ogilvie Engineering of Kilmarnock. The sculpture is to be called "Magnus" in honour of the first Patron of the Viking Festival, Magnus Magnusson, and the current Patron, Professor Magnus Fladmark.

Directors of Largs Viking Festival visited the factory where the statue is being created by David Ogilvie.

Well, that is a bit different from the version in the Labour election leaflet.  Magnus didn’t have to be “rescued” from a yard, he was actually being lovingly created by David Ogilvie Engineering, and representatives of the Viking Festival actually visited the work while it was ongoing.  

Then there is that other bit about “North Ayrshire Council is presenting the statue to the town”, rather than the Labour version that had Alex Gallagher being instrumental in having Magnus “placed on the prom”.  So it wasn’t a Labour councillor that delivered the iconic statue for Largs, it was SNP-controlled North Ayrshire Council.

Just one more thing, in the same Largs Viking Festival statement about Magnus the Viking from August 2013, the organisation’s  chair, Labour councillor Alex Gallagher, said of SNP-controlled North Ayrshire Council, “We are extremely grateful to the Council for all the financial and in-kind support it has given to the programme of events in Largs this year and in particular for the support that has been shown in preparation for this year’s very special anniversary Largs Viking Festival.”

Post-democracy Britain

In terms of politics within a UK context, we are now living in the ‘post-democracy’ phase.

The decision by the Labour Party to support the Tory-led Government’s cap on social security benefits is a classic example of this reality.  Tory, Labour and Liberal Democrats, recent partners in opposition to Scottish independence, are now offering virtually indistinguishable social and economic policies.

Labour’s move to the right of the political spectrum, onto Tory ground, began long before Tony Blair ascended to power within the party.  Back in the 1980s, Labour led by Neil Kinnock rounded on Militant, a socialist platform within the party.  Militant, at that time, was fighting a losing battle to keep Labour on the left, advocating policies that put first the interests of the working class.  Kinnock and the party leadership were committed to ‘modernising’ Labour and moved to distance themselves from its socialist past.  Some members of Militant were expelled by the Labour Party, others left of their own accord.  A small number stayed as Labour members in the misguided belief they could take the party back to the left.

In Scotland, members of Militant were instrumental in forming the Scottish Socialist Alliance, which developed into the independence-supporting Scottish Socialist Party (SSP).  Advocating radical socialist policies, the SSP became one of western Europe’s most successful parties of the left, securing 6 MSPs at the Scottish Parliament Election in 2003 and introducing Bills that paved the way for nutritious free school meals and an end to the poindings and warrant sales that had been such a feature of the hated Poll Tax. 

Although non-political matters were to bring a shuddering halt to the initial progress and success of the SSP, the party is now in the process of rebuilding across the country and received a significant membership boost following the role it played in the pro-independence ‘YES’ campaign.  In addition, the moderate centre-left SNP Government has embraced policies first advocated by the Scottish Socialist Party, such as scrapping NHS prescription charges.

In England, however, the rightward movement of Labour, started under Kinnock, continued through the brief leadership of John Smith and accelerated at breakneck speed under Tony Blair and Gordon Brown.  Today, the Labour Party, with Ed Miliband at the helm, is happy to side with the Tories in acts that will savage the welfare state.  The forward-thinking and caring socialist members of the Labour Party that actually created the safety-net of social security will be spinning in their graves.

By voting for the Tory policy of imposing a cap on total welfare spending (excluding pensions and Jobseekers Allowance), Labour MPs will be complicit in making the poor even poorer.  The respected charity Save the Children has calculated that an extra 345,000 children in the UK will be plunged into poverty over the next four years because of the welfare cap.  That is an additional 345,000 children, on top of those already growing up in households without enough money to make ends meet.

Many families dependent on social security benefits have at least one adult in employment.  Their intense hardship is caused by poverty-level wages and employment practices such as zero-hours contracts, which do not guarantee any hours or pay.  By their actions in backing Tory policies, Labour MPs are prepared to make the lives of those people even harder.  Needless to say, the welfare cap will impact even more on the disabled and the unemployed.

In the House of Commons, asked if a future Labour Government would cap the same benefits and use the same financial numbers as appeared in the Tory Budget, Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer Ed Balls replied, “Yes”.

Labour’s movement to the right, snuggling up beside the Tories, has moved the political centre-ground in England to such an extent that the racist United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP), formerly on the far-right, is now considered by many to be mainstream.  With Labour policy now geared to appeasing the right-wing press in England, there is no chance of the former People’s Party ditching its Tory clothes and re-embracing the principles that saw it established – to provide a parliamentary voice for the working class.

With all of the mainstream UK political parties – Tory, Labour, Lib Dem, UKIP – now crowded onto a small space on the right of the political spectrum, advocating broadly similar right-wing policies, the pretence of democracy is at an end.  People will still vote to elect governments, but when all the parties represent the same Tory policies and values, with only marginal differences, then we have reached a post-democracy elected dictatorship.  If the people have little or no choice – just varying degrees of right-wing parties – then the free-market capitalists and their mouthpieces in the media have managed to undermine the democratic process.

Thankfully, here in Scotland, we do still have choices.  The SNP is a moderate, centre-left, social democratic party: we have the left-leaning Scottish Green Party and the Scottish Socialist Party.  Even the Labour Party in Scotland could be saved if it embraced independence, seizing the opportunity to break-free from right-wing London control and establish itself as a real ‘Scottish’ Labour Party.

When we entered the polling booth on September 18th to cast our vote at the Independence Referendum, we were asked just one simple question: “Should Scotland be an independent country?”  However, what we were actually deciding was whether or not we wanted to put the interests of ordinary men, women and children before those of multi-national corporations, bankers and financial speculators.

Independence would have delivered all the powers we need to build a better, fairer Scotland.  Rejecting independence handed those powers to the right-wing, London-based parties that are united in imposing further hardship on those already struggling to survive in ‘post-democracy’ Britain.

* This is an updated version of an article originally published in March 2014.